Price Of Flour In Nigeria
With 99% of Nigeria’s wheat requirement imported, it is expected that the increased demand for foreign exchange is one cause of the current flour crisis in Nigeria. The price of flour has seen a 50% increase in retail prices this year, but in some parts of the country, things are better than ever.
A recent estimate for Nigeria’s national flour requirement is 5 million metric tons. While the country produced 36,943 metric tons in 2021, it only made up 1% of its annual demand.
If you’re looking to purchase flour in Nigeria, be aware that the price of this staple ingredient has been on the rise. This is due to several factors, such as the cost of transportation and production. As a result, you may want to stock up on flour sooner rather than later to avoid paying more for it down the road. Different types of flour brands will cost different amounts in Nigeria.
Average Cost of flour according to popular brands
- Dangote (ranges from #28k to #31k)
- Golden penny (ranges from #29k to #30k)
- Mama gold (ranges from #28k to #30k)
- Honeywell (ranges from #27k to #29k)
Types of flour
Different types of flour are consumed in Nigeria, often as part of a meal. One example is wheat flour which can be used to bake bread for breakfast, and yam flour which is locally called Amala.
Cassava and Wheat are the main ingredients mostly used in flour production. But other plants like Yam and Maize can also be used to make flour.
1. Coconut flour
Coconut flour makes an excellent recipe for substituting wheat flour.
2. Beans flour
Beans should be considered a healthy source of protein and fibre. Beans flour can be used to make Moi Moi or Akara, which are common Nigerian dishes.
3. Yam flour
This is made up of dried yams. The popular Nigerian meal Amala is a product of Yam flour.
4. Plantain flour
Unripe green plantains can be used in Nigerian dishes like Semovita. These unripe bananas are dried and can replace the ingredients that are usually made of cornmeal, flour, or millet.
5. Wheat Flour
Whole wheat flour is made of wheat grains, and the most common types are cake flour, pastry flour, whole-purpose flour, bread flour, and semolina or durum flour.
Price of Flour in Nigeria
The price and availability of flour in Nigeria depends on where the material used (wheat, yam, plantain, etc) is grown, but some mills produce most of the flour. The market price of a 50 kg bag of flour in Nigeria is well above #15k.
Find out what the other measurements of flour are and how they cost relative to the price of flour;
This list shows some of the other units that can be used to measure flour (per cup, bag, and more), and their corresponding measurements.
The price of flour can range from #250 to #300, and it goes all the way up to #3,000 per bucket.
Selecting the Best Flour for Baking
Not sure what flour to buy for baking? Find out more in this article
The protein content of a type of flour determines its gluten content. With higher protein content, there will be more gluten in the flour.
Gluten is important in baking because it creates the texture and structure of your cake. High gluten wheat flour, which we call ‘hard flour,’ has a better feel in bread and pizza. Low gluten flours are called ‘soft or weak flours’ used in cakes, pastries, and other softer foods.
There are different types of flour used in baking. Finding out which type you want to use depends on what you want to make.
1. All Purpose Flour
This food contains a protein content of 9 to 11 per cent which provides a diverse selection of hard and soft flour. It is used for baked goods, such as bread, cake, pastries, and more. It is also the most readily available type of flour at local markets.
2. Cake Flour
Cake flour, which has a protein content of 5 to 8 per cent, forms less gluten than other flours. This makes the cake moist and soft.
3. Bread flour
Bread flour is a type of flour with high gluten content which is commonly used for making bread and cinnamon rolls. This type of flour is hard to find substitutes for because of the protein, which must be present to achieve the right texture in dough.
4. Pastry flour
Pancakes, cookies, biscuits and pastries hold best in pastry flour. It is made up of 9 per cent gluten, while cake flour contains 8 per cent.
5. Self-rising Flour
Self-rising flour is not very popular in Nigeria. It can be made at home by adding two teaspoons of all-purpose flour, sifting it and then adding your baking powder and some cocoa powder if you want to give self-rising flour the same flavour.
How the flour price increased
After the food prices increased in Nigeria in 2020, the price of flour drastically increased as well. This led to increased prices for all products made with flour, such as bread, cake, and pastries. The two major reasons why there is a hike in the cost of flour in Nigeria are;
1. Nigeria imports most of her grains
As Nigeria’s primary grain, wheat is currently used to make flour. However, due to the low domestic production in Nigeria and imports, wheat has raised the cost of food in Nigeria. Movements like encouraging local production can help solve this problem in the future.
2. The fall of the Naira value
There have been changes in the value of the Nigerian currency and most imports are now done using US Dollars. This makes importation expensive, leading to an increase in flour prices. The value of this currency has increased against the Nigerian currency, which means that you need more of the Nigerian currency for just one US dollar
People in Nigeria need to be ready for a change in the price of food because it can hurt their pockets. One example that happened recently is that the flour price went up depending on where you are.